Related studies

29/08/2019

The supply and use of 0.50%-sulphur marine fuel

In October 2016, the International Maritime Organization (IMO) confirmed a global limit for sulphur in fuel oil used on board ships of 0.50% m/m (mass by mass) to become effective on 1 January 2...

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21/02/2019

Sulphur 2020: What’s your plan?

Guidance for shipowners and operators on MARPOL Annex VI Sulphur Regulation....

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21/02/2019

Marine Fuels 2020 Assessment 2018 Update – EnSys and Navigistics

This 2018 Update Report provides analysis, updates and projections, commentary and assessment by EnSys and Navigistics across a range of topics pertinent to the impacts of the MARPOL Annex VI Sulphur...

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21/02/2019

IMO 2020 Sulphur cap: oil refiners step up to the plate

This research shows that shippers mostly cannot afford the investments to reduce their sulphur emissions even though they want to reduce their Sulphur Shadow; most consumers are not willing to pay the...

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09/07/2018

Supplemental Marine Fuel Availability Study – EnSys and Navigistics Consulting

EnSys Energy and Navigistics Consulting submitted a Supplemental Marine Fuel Availability Study to the International Maritime Organization (IMO) in the lead up to the Global Sulphur Cap decision duri...

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04/07/2018

CE Delft Assessment of Fuel Oil Availability – Final Report

MARPOL Annex VI requires all ships to use fuels with a sulphur content of 0.50% m/m from 1 January 2020 onwards (in Emission Control Areas, other limits apply). The implementation date is subject to a...

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09/05/2018

IEA Market Report Series: Oil 2018: Analysis and Forecasts to 2023

The IEA examines the full spectrum of energy issues including oil, gas and coal supply and demand, renewable energy technologies, electricity markets, energy efficiency, access to energy, demand side...

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09/05/2018

IEA Market Report Series: Oil 2017: Analysis and Forecasts to 2022

The International Energy Agency (IEA), an autonomous agency, was established in November 1974. Its primary mandate was – and is – two-fold: to promote energy security amongst its member countries...

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